noting the call on Friday was one of more than 50 Trump has held with world leaders since winning the election.” joining a growing body of local governments moving in that direction. jail records showed. recent fears about the aggression of Russia in the Ukraine criticism of NATO expansion and Donald Trump even saying that NATO is "obsolete" were seeing signs that the enduring fabric of the last decades of the Western world may be starting to fray On Wednesday Trump told the New York Times that we should not respond to an attack on an ally unless we reviewed whether it had met its obligations to us: picture a budget-based review of Estonias contributions while Russian troops are pouring into the nation Ironically healthy alliances are exactly what we need to manage the worlds increasing turbulence and danger We are living in a time of unprecedented connectedness and interdependence where even the protest of one fruit vendor in Tunisia can quickly ripple to envelope the world in instability It is abundantly clear that in this time of great uncertainty the United States still needs strong capable allies We need the support and cooperation of many nations around the world to continue to thrive At the very top of the list of our nations healthy interdependencies is our membership and leadership role in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Founded in 1949 and based on a treaty drafted in our nations capital NATO has a formidable level of resources at its disposal: 3 million well-trained troops almost all volunteers; 24000 military aircraft; 800 ocean-going warships; and close to a trillion dollars of combined defense spending It has conducted conventional combat operations extensively for decades in the Balkans Afghanistan Iraq Libya and off the coast of East Africa against pirates At one point several years ago the alliance had more than 170000 active-duty troops deployed on three continents It is the richest and most capable alliance in world history But the heart of NATOs importance to the US is actually not what it can do as powerful and impressive as its operational reach given the scope of its combat capabilities The real importance of NATO is how it conducts its operations and the values-based approach that underpins its origins and is reflected in its conduct today Throughout the world and even within private enterprise we are discovering the degree to which ethical governance cultural respect and principled leadership affect performance In the NATO alliance we have a strong example of how important values are to any effective organization NATOs charter is very clear and fully aligned with the Charter of the United Nations in seeking justice and peace in the world In the preamble to the treaty it says that the nations will "safeguard the freedom common heritage and civilization of their peoples founded on the principles of democracy individual liberty and the rule of law" Most important of course in Article 5 of the treaty the nations pledge to support each other and treat an attack on any member nation as an attack on all Like most documents that lay out profoundly important values the treaty is modest and succinct: only 28 sentences long and can be read in 10 minutes Yet it creates a universe of vital shared values between the original 12 signatories and the 28 nations who are part of it today The brilliance of NATO is that its not just about shared interests Shared interests which wax and wane are not powerful enough to hold together an alliance over the long term in the face of unprecedented forces of disruption and destruction Shared values on the other hand endure as a north star for otherwise diverse nations to find commonality What was important in 1949 is even more so todaythe economic technological and social interdependence of the contemporary world means we rise and fall together whether we like it or not To the extent we can forge deep cooperationhealthy interdependenciesbetween nations we will be better positioned to respond to the challenges that may seem local but actually threaten the entire interdependent world An amoral strategy is unsustainable in an interdependent world because interdependency is a moral reality In a world in which any one individual can affect so many others so far away in waysgood or badhe or she could not before we have no choice but to connect if not reconnect with the norms principles and moral values that guide constructive and sustainable behaviors If we are in an interdependent world then there is only one available strategy: we must embrace and forge healthy interdependencies Healthy interdependencies at their core are not that complicated They’re about how we treat each other and how we relate to others They are about behavior that is based in values that animate and sustain human relationships The Article 5 provisions of the treaty have only been activated once in the many decades since it came into force: on 9/11 when the US was attacked Its because of our shared values more than our shared interests that the nations are willing to embrace this serious commitment The NATO response was both tactical in sending assistance to our country in the days after the Twin Towers fell; and strategic in attacking Al Qaeda and the Taliban who sheltered them in Afghanistan Every one of the NATO member states joined the coalition in Afghanistan and virtually all remain there with the US today in the conduct of the ongoing training mission supporting the Afghan security forces NATO members have also acted together in stopping genocidal attacks in the Balkans in the 1990s in protecting the people of Libya from assault by the dictator Gaddafi (under auspices of the United Nations Security Council) fought pirates to a standstill off the coast of East Africa trained Iraqi troops to battle Al Qaeda in Iraq and defended the borders of Turkey from potential Syrian missile attacksall while maintaining strong deterrence from Russian aggression All of this has been done under the auspices of a governance system that is transparent open to change and fully based on consensus decision making (no action can be undertaken without consent of every nation in the alliance no matter how large or small) It is an organization that moves beyond the "advantage of the moment" and past simple integration into interdependency This is only possible when parties of an agreementbe they nations commercial companies agencies of government or individualsfully trust in the ethics and probity of the other parties By keeping an eye on its higher purpose instead of just exploiting situational advantages the alliance has created a movement a single slip-up can’t derail That is the ethic of journeying It provides strength and resilience by never taking its eye off the goal and continuing forward even when the path takes a sharp turn Real leaders understand this because real leaders are not afraid to lean into those curves They keep going enlisting and inspiring others to journey with them Is NATO perfect Of course not It makes strategic mistakes (not remaining engaged in Libya after the death of Gaddafi allowed that nation to sink into chaos); likewise it has made operational missteps (failing to move quickly against the rise of ISIS); and it fails tactically at times (the terrible attack on the Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz earlier this year) It also fails to equally distribute the burden of defense with the US spending $600 billion annual on defense as opposed to $300 billion by our European partners despite the roughly comparable size of our economies (although worth noting that European spending is greater than Russia and China combined and thus the second largest defense budget in the world taken in the aggregate) But we should not use NATOs shortcomings as an excuse to disconnect Trying to disconnect to avoid exposure in a connected world is a misguided strategy If you do that how will you create value and get anything done The right strategy is to deepen and strengthen all our connections It is our responsibility to foster coalitions even with competitors as we eschew zero-sum competition in favor of the true ideal of the word derived from competere: to strive together Compared to any other strategic partnership option for the US, the water line break was caused by an equipment breakdown. dwarfing the national figure of 28. the people of the zone had endorsed and voted for President Goodluck Jonathan. 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