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Boardwalk Reconstruction Project Near Complete in Ocean City

first_imgAll pilings and stringers are in place, and a small section of decking is the only thing left to be completed before the full length of the Ocean City Boardwalk is restored.After about three months of work, only a small section of decking remains before the second phase of a boardwalk reconstruction project is complete.The boardwalk was barricaded at Fifth Street and Seventh Street in October, and a block of boardwalk was demolished and removed as part of the second phase of a multi-year project to replace the boardwalk between Fifth Street and 12th Street.This phase covered the section between Sixth Street and Plaza Place (just north of Seventh Street).The project was expected to be complete by the end of March, but it appears to be well ahead of schedule. Lampposts are lying on the boardwalk ready for re-installation.The project includes reconfiguring the boardwalk ramp at Sixth Street, eliminating the north ramp and widening the south ramp. The access ramp for the disabled remains in place, leading to the municipal parking lot between Fifth and Sixth streets.Pedestrians and cyclists have been detoured off the Boardwalk at Seventh Street, down Wayne Avenue, through the municipal parking lot between Sixth and Fifth streets, and back to the boardwalk at Fifth Street since mid-October. The detour adds about 0.17 miles to a run the length of the boardwalk (from 2.45 miles to 2.62 miles)._____Sign up for free daily news updates from Ocean City._____City Council last summer awarded a $1.2 million contract to Fred M. Schiavone Construction of Malaga to complete the work. Schiavone was the contractor for the first phase of the project between Fifth and Sixth streets and for the new Welcome Center on the Route 52 causeway.Council has authorized spending up to $1,825,000 on this phase of the project, though the final construction costs are not in .The project used a stock of southern yellow pine that has been stored in Ocean City since the settlement of a lawsuit with the Louis J. Grasmick Lumber Co. of Baltimore in 2009.The city has long sought an alternative to pine for its boardwalk. The soft wood splits, cracks and exposes nails or screws after relatively short periods of time. The city has studied and tested many alternatives but has found none both suitable and cost-effective.But the existing stock of southern yellow pine is thicker (three inches) and sturdier that the pine used on other sections of the boardwalk, and the city administration says it is “optimistic” that it will hold up much better.Treated wooden pilings replaced the crumbling concrete substructure of this part of the boardwalk. (At the City Council capital plan workshop on Thursday, Ocean City resident Michael Hinchman asked why the city would not consider using fiberglass pilings, which he said would add infinitely to the estimated 50-year lifespan of wooden pilings.)At the same workshop, Mayor Jay Gillian’s administration proposed doubling the pace of the multiyear project, completing two blocks each year and finishing in the winter of 2017-18. A project to rebuild the Ocean City Boardwalk between Sixth Street and Plaza Place is near complete.last_img read more

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Report sees rebound in India renewable energy sector following ‘forgettable’ 2018

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享PV Tech:India’s renewable energy deployment is expected to grow by 50% year-on-year in 2019 with a total of 15,860MW of installations, according to a report by consultancy firm Bridge to India.The “India RE 2019 Outlook report” described 2018 as a “forgettable year” for the Indian renewables sector, lifted only by a surge in auctions with more than 20GW of capacity awarded, however, there were also several major tender cancellations in the year.Utility-scale PV deployment is set to hit 10,902MW in 2019, surpassing 10GW in a single year for the first time, and well up from 6,833MW in 2018. Meanwhile, rooftop solar will grow robustly by nearly 50% to 2,368MW, up from 1,588MW in 2018. For the less established technologies, floating PV is expected to see auctions of up to 5GW issued and developers are expected to start adopting monocrystalline modules and microinverters in greater numbers. Meanwhile, energy storage will be supported by the expected announcement of the National Storage Mission and more solar-plus-storage tenders.Wind is expected to increase to 2.3GW, up 18% over 2018, with land and transmission bottlenecks the main drawbacks.The report described most of the problems of 2018 as self-inflicted, with the GST tax, safeguard duty and BIS standards causing major frustration.More: Indian renewable energy deployment to grow sharply this year after ‘forgettable’ 2018 Report sees rebound in India renewable energy sector following ‘forgettable’ 2018last_img read more

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Quick Hits: Patagonia Founder Donates Trump Tax Cut Profits + Tennessee Wilderness Moves Forward

first_imgPatagonia founder to give away millions saved from Trump tax cut to fight climate changeLast week, the founder of outdoor apparel company Patagonia announced it would donate the additional $10 million in profits it received in 2018 under Trump’s new corporate tax cut to grassroots groups fighting climate change. In 2017, Trump lowered the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent. Yvon Chouinard, Patagonia’s founder, said in a statement, “our government continues to ignore the seriousness and causes of the climate crisis. It’s pure evil.” Chouinard has not been quiet about Trump’s assault on the environment. When the Trump administration reduced the size of Bear Ears and Grand Staircase Escalante National Monuments earlier this year, Patagonia sued the president. The case is ongoing and waiting to be heard in a federal court in Washington D.C. Tennessee wilderness bill expected to pass With decades of effort behind it, the Tennessee wilderness act is expected to pass after its inclusion in the farm bill. The act would protect an additional 19,558 acres of the 655,598-acre Cherokee National Forest in northeast Tennessee as wilderness under the 1964 wilderness act. The bill, which was introduced into the Congressional session by Senators Lamar Alexander and Bob Corker and sponsored in the House of Representatives by Congressman Phil Roe, would expand five existing wilderness areas within the Cherokee National Forest and create one new area. If the bill is passed, about 13 percent of Cherokee National Forest would be protected as wilderness. Wilderness designation provides the best legislative protection for federal lands by providing an overlay of restrictions that are designed to maintain the forever-wild status of the area. Facial recognition technology used to identify bears over timeApplied Conservation Science Lab in Canada’s British Columbia is working on technology that could shape the way bears are tracked and monitored in the future. In 2018 the lab was awarded a 2-year grant to support their work developing facial recognition for brown bears. At their primary field site, the lab has been collecting a database of wild bear images since the late 1990’s. These images are being used to test how the recognition system performs when analyzing images of the same bears over time. A bear’s appearance can change dramatically from spring to late fall and over successive years. The lab hopes that the technology will one day be used to improve non-invasive monitoring techniques for bears and other large mammals.last_img read more

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BCPO beefs up security for holidays

first_imgPolice assistance desks (PADs) inshopping malls, and also in churches during the early morning masses were alsoinstalled, he said. “The beat patrollers include 53organic personnel and 113 police trainees, along with those from the 10 policestations,” Pico added. He added that the city police willremain on full alert for the whole month of December. BACOLOD City – Police officialsreassured residents of this city on their readiness from terrorism, criminalityand other threats to peace and order. “We would like to remind them that thepolice cannot watch them all the time. We also need their cooperation,” headded. Lieutenant Colonel Ariel Pico, BCPOspokesperson, said over 200 beat patrol personnel were already deployed lastweek to secure various areas of convergence here during the Christmas and NewYear holidays. Pico appealed to residents of Bacolodto cooperate with the police in ensuring their safety and security. Pico advised that as much as possible,crowded areas should be avoided especially during rush hour when theft usuallyhappens. (With a report from PNA/PN) Pico said that policemen will also bedeployed in ports during the influx of holiday travelers.last_img read more

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Frustrated Benitez demands an improvement against Arsenal

first_imgRafael Benitez has told Chelsea’s players he expects an improved performance when they host Arsenal this weekend.The Blues’ stuttering home form continued on Wednesday night when they surrendered a two-goal lead against Southampton, who fought back to draw 2-2.It was another disappointment for Chelsea following recent wins at Stamford Bridge for Swansea and QPR.Jason Puncheon got Southampton’s equaliser.And the frustrated interim manager said: “We cannot be happy drawing at home. The next game has to be different.”Benitez will assess John Terry ahead of Sunday’s derby but has indicated that he will not select the Blues skipper.Terry recently returned to first-team action after two months on the sidelines but lacks match fitness.Speaking after deciding to leave Terry on the bench for the Southampton game, Benitez said: “The other day we were winning and gave him the opportunity to play some minutes and that was fine.“But to play a high line with a player with no match fitness would be a risk.”See also:Chelsea left stunned by Saints comebackChelsea v Saints player ratingsTerry could return for Arsenal clash Under-fire Benitez blames poor defending and missed chancesWenger plans to attack stuttering Chelsea 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Ready for winter?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Hopefully, “polar vortex” and “arctic blast” will be erased from our vocabulary this winter. According to the National Weather Service (NWS), this winter’s buzz term will be “El Niño.”El Niño is a large-scale, ocean-atmosphere climate interaction that causes a periodic warming in sea surface temperatures across the Pacific. This winter, Ohio could see warmer-than-average temperatures, but cold air outbreaks and snow storms will still likely occur.To help Ohioans prepare for this year’s cold season, the Ohio Committee for Severe Weather Awareness (OCSWA) has been promoting measures to take before the winter temperatures arrive.Ohioans are being encouraged to update their safety plans, replenish their disaster supply kit, and prepare themselves and their property for winter-related incidents.“Check the expiration dates on your nonperishable food. Stock up on bottled water. Refresh supplies in your first aid kits. Ensure you have jumper cables and supplies in your car,” said Sima Merick, executive director of the Ohio Emergency Management Agency. “Make sure your vehicle is road-ready and winterized. And don’t forget to check the batteries in your flashlights, radios and smoke detectors.”When the weather is bad, driving can get pretty hectic. Before getting on the road, it’s best to know before you go. Pay attention to weather forecasts and traffic reports. Listen for reports of school and business closings, snow emergencies, traffic delays or road closures. Plan your drive time accordingly.To help prepare for winter, OCSWA recommends the following: Preparing a home for winterCut and remove low-hanging and dead tree branches. Ice, snow and strong winds can cause tree limbs to break and fall. Have your gutters cleaned. Snow and ice can build up quickly if gutters are clogged with debris. Have auxiliary heaters, furnaces and fireplaces maintenance checked or serviced before using. If using a portable generator, read instructions thoroughly to guard against carbon monoxide poisoning. Review your homeowner’s insurance policy; talk with your insurance agent about the financial risks that winter can bring. Consider purchasing flood insurance. Prepare winter disaster kits for the home and vehicleRefresh stored nonperishable foods and bottled water. Change the batteries in your smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors and radios. Winter emergency kits should include warm clothing, blankets, flashlights, new batteries, coats, hats, gloves, a battery-operated or hand-cranked radio, first aid kit, and enough nonperishable food and water (one gallon per person, per day) to sustain every family member for several days. Have stored food, bottled water and supplies for your pets, as well. Invest in a NOAA public alert/weather radioEvery home, school and business should have a tone-alert weather radio with a battery back-up. Weather and public alert radios are programmed to automatically sound an alert during public safety and severe weather events. Click on www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr/ for additional information. Updating disaster preparedness plansEvery home, school, and business should have written plans for the different types of disasters that can occur. Review the plans with the entire family or staff. Everyone should know what to do in the event of a snow or ice storm, a prolonged power outage, a flood or fire. Post contact information for your local emergency management agency. Prepare and practice drills that require sheltering in place and evacuation. Update your emergency contact list and establish a meeting place outside of the home, school or business, where others will know where to find or meet you.OCSWA is an advocate for emergency preparedness and is comprised of representatives from the following: American Red Cross; Emergency Management Association of Ohio; National Weather Service; Ohio Citizen Corps; Ohio Department of Public Safety — Emergency Management Agency; Ohio Insurance Institute; Ohio Department of Commerce — State Fire Marshal; Ohio Departments of Aging, Education, Health, Insurance, Mental Health & Addiction Services, Natural Resources, and Transportation; NBC4 (WCMH) and WBNS-10TV.last_img read more

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Paul George, Russell Westbrook lead Thunder past Trail Blazers

first_imgSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Except for McCollum, who went 7 of 12 from 3-point range, the Blazers struggled from behind the arc, going 10 for 36. Oklahoma City hit 11 of 23 3-point attempts.“They’ve been shooting the three well in recent games,” Portland coach Terry Stotts said of the Thunder. “That made the difference, but I thought the biggest difference in the game was our turnovers that they created. The two quarters that we lost, we had six turnovers in each of those quarters and that just fueled their runs.”McCollum’s seventh 3-pointer, with 5:07 left, pulled Portland within 109-106, but George keyed a game-sealing run by the Thunder, hitting four free throws and then stealing a pass intended for Nurkic and going for a layup to extend Oklahoma City’s lead to 117-108 with 2:17 left. Westbrook capped the win with a pair of ferocious dunks in the final 1:24.Oklahoma City led almost all the way — trailing for less than 30 seconds — but Portland never let the Thunder become comfortable. Through three quarters, only once did the Thunder push their lead to double digits, and that was 11 points late in the second quarter.The Thunder hit 8 of 14 3-point attempts in the first two periods on the way to a 62-55 halftime lead. George was 3 of 5 from long range and had 20 points. McCollum hit five of his 3-pointers in the third quarter, twice pulling Portland within a point, but the Thunder held their lead and were ahead entering the fourth quarter.ADVERTISEMENT PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Lamar Odom arrives in Manila for Mighty Sports stint Dennis Schroder keyed an 8-0 run by Oklahoma City early in the fourth quarter that put the Thunder ahead 101-89, but the Blazers scored seven straight to narrow the gap. Schroder scored 13 points for the Thunder.ROCK THE BABYWestbrook, the father of 2-month-old twin daughters, often does his “rock the baby” move — moving his arms back and forth as if cradling an infant — after a big play. Portland’s Evan Turner mimicked that move after a first-quarter basket, but Westbrook claimed not to notice.“I didn’t even see it, honestly,” Westbrook said. “I didn’t see it. He can rock right back to Portland.”TIP-INS:Trail Blazers: Portland had the second-fewest turnovers in the NBA (12.2) over the previous 12 games, but had 19 against the Thunder. … McCollum’s seven 3-pointers increased his career total to 756, passing Nicolas Batum (751) for fourth on the franchise’s all-time list. … Nurkic has scored at least 17 in seven of his last eight games against Oklahoma City.Thunder: G Alex Abrines was active for a second straight game, but did not play. He missed the previous 13 games due first to illness, then personal reasons. … Westbrook’s triple-double was his 14th this season and the 118th of his career. . The Thunder’s bench produced only 19 points.UP NEXT:Blazers: Visit Phoenix on Thursday.Thunder: Host New Orleans on Thursday. Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Oklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George, right, goes up for a dunk in front of Portland Trail Blazers forward Meyers Leonard (11) and guard C.J. McCollum, center, in the second half of an NBA basketball game in Oklahoma City, Tuesday, Jan. 22, 2019. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)OKLAHOMA CITY — A renewed focus on defense has the Oklahoma City Thunder on another winning streak.Paul George had 36 points, eight rebounds and five steals, Russell Westbrook had a triple-double of 29 points, 14 assists and 10 rebounds and the Thunder beat the Portland Trail Blazers 123-114 on Tuesday night.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Steven Adams and Terrance Ferguson each added 14 points for Oklahoma City, which snapped a three-game losing streak to Portland at Chesapeake Energy Arena. After a stretch of losing five of six games, during which they gave up 154, 142 and 138 points in defeats, the Thunder have won three straight and moved back into third place in the fluid Western Conference standings.Damian Lillard had 34 points and eight assists, and C.J. McCollum scored 31 for Portland, which committed 19 turnovers — five more than its average — and had a three-game winning streak snapped. Jusuf Nurkic had 22 points and 15 rebounds.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsSixteen of those Portland turnovers came on Thunder steals. George — who ranks second in the NBA (behind Westbrook) in steals at 2.33 per game — led the way, and Ferguson added four steals, many of which led to points at the other end for Oklahoma City.“That’s what we lean on — our size, our length, our ability to be able to make it tough for 48 minutes,” Westbrook said. “Eventually we wear out teams.” LATEST STORIES View commentslast_img read more

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UNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie Carries Out Mission To Peru

first_imgUNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie carried out an official visit to Peru last week.Angelina Jolie listens to Venezuelan women at the Albergue Sin Fronteras shelterCredit/Copyright: UNHCR/Santiago Escobar-JaramilloPeru is one of the countries most affected by the surge in Venezuelan refugees and migrants – the largest movement of people in Latin America’s recent history.Following up on the UN High Commissioner for Refugees’ recent visit to the region, Jolie undertook a three-day mission to assess the humanitarian needs of Venezuelan refugees and the challenges facing Peru as a host country, and to discuss the possible regional responses to the crisis.During her mission, the Special Envoy met refugees, representatives of the Government of Peru and organizations contributing to the humanitarian response. She visited programmes providing protection and assistance to asylum-seekers, refugees and host families, and observed Peru’s generous response to Venezuelan refugees and migrants.“I told President Vizcarra how much UNHCR appreciates the steps Peru has taken, to help Venezuelans have legal status and access to basic services,” said Jolie while in Peru. “And we discussed the regional efforts being carried out in the Quito process, which is a first step towards a regional solution.“We also spoke about what more the international community can and should be doing to support Peru and its neighbors.“The number of people displaced worldwide continues to increase, it now stands at 68.5 million people. One person is forcibly displaced every two seconds as a result of conflict or persecution.“There is justified public concern about this unprecedented movement of people across borders internationally. And a perception that the distinction between refugees and economic migrants, enshrined in international law, is being blurred.“Whereas economic migrants choose to move, often for very understandable reasons, refugees face an immediate threat to life and cannot return home safely and their protection becomes a shared international responsibility.“At a time when fundamental principles are being questioned, it is more important than ever that we have the systems and resources in place to identify people with genuine refugee and asylum claims, and to make sure that they have the support that they need. It is crucial to reinforce the rule of law, respect for human rights, international protection and asylum systems.“This applies as much to the situation in Mexico, where UNHCR is reinforcing its presence in the south, encouraging people to register and apply through legal means, where they can define their reasons for seeking asylum.“Most of all, wherever we live, we need our governments to do more to address the conflict and insecurity that is creating refugees, so that people can return to their countries. In my experience the vast majority of refugees want to do just that: they want to return home.”The Special Envoy focuses on major displacement crises, representing UNHCR and the High Commissioner at the diplomatic level. The Special Envoy Jolie last visited Latin America in 2012, for a mission to Ecuador, her third visit to meet then Colombian refugees in the region.last_img read more

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Packers Part Ways With Defensive Leader Charles Woodson

Charles Woodson, the Green Bay Packers’ veteran defensive stalwart, was released by the team Friday, his agent, Carl Poston, told NFL.com.“It’s part of the business,” Poston said. “I just talked to him. He sounds like he has a lot of football left. He’d like to play for a contender, win another Super Bowl.”Woodson was set to make $9 million in 2013 and would’ve counted for $10 million against the Packers’ salary cap.He signed a five-year, $55-million deal before the 2010 season. He missed nine games last season because of a broken right collarbone, but played in two playoff games.“We had a good run,” Woodson told ESPN 540 in Wisconsin via text message.Woodson was the NFL Defensive Player of the Year in 2009 and the Defensive Rookie of the Year in 1998. He spent the first eight years of his career with the Oakland Raiders, who drafted him out of Michigan with the No. 4 overall pick.He’s the only player in NFL history with touchdowns off interceptions in six straight seasons, a feat he pulled off from 2006-11, and leads the league with nine touchdowns off interceptions since 2006.Woodson, 36, was productive for the Packers, but they have some tough decisions to make this offseason to manage the salary cap. Despite his age and recent injury, Woodson likely will be an in-demand free agent. He was injured last October, but bounced back in time to defend two passes in the playoffs.“Charles has been a stud in this league for 15 years, so whenever he’s on the field with us, he’s always a huge threat,” Packer linebacker A.J. Hawk said in January. “Not only is he a threat to make huge plays throughout the game, but quarterbacks, I think they know where he’s at every single play. He seems to know what receivers are running before they do. And I think he has an intimidation factor as well.” read more

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Plants live die according to their size

first_imgPlants self-regulate their populations to maintain stability and optimize their lives, with the lengths of their lives directly related to their mass, a recent study has found. Further, a single scaling power for lifespan holds true across the entire spectrum of plants, from single-celled phototrophs to giant redwoods. Citation: Plants live, die according to their size (2007, October 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-10-die-size.html “Plant metabolism increases with increasing temperature, and, thus, plant life span and birth and mortality rates are expected to increase with temperature as well,” explained Marbà. “Hence, global warming may have consequences for the stability of plant populations. If temperature increases mortality and birth rates equally, plant populations will turn over faster but they would remain stable. Otherwise, plant populations will decline. In any case, a faster plant turnover, coupled with higher metabolic rates of decomposing microorganims with warming, may lead to a reduction in the CO2 sink capacity of vegetation.”Despite the delicate balance between mortality and birth rates, the actual mechanisms governing plant life and death are still unclear to biologists. Most certainly, controls include an assortment of metabolic processes interacting at all levels, from molecular to organismal, and include respiration, reproduction, cellular damage, and structural imbalances. Because plants, unlike animals, retain their reproductive capacity throughout their lives, evolution might put greater selective pressure on plants’ lifespans. The researchers plan to continue investigating how these processes combine to influence plant life histories. Citation: Marbà, Núria, Duarte, Carlos M., and Agustí, Susana. “Allometric scaling of plant life history.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, October 2, 2007, vol. 104, no. 40, 15777-15780.Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Mortality and birth rates are nearly identical for all plants, keeping their populations stable. Credit: Núria Marbà, et al. ©2007 PNAS. Scientists have long known that animals’ lifespans are closely scaled to the species’ body size, with elephants living longer than mice. But while plant biologists have predicted such a connection in plants, a full study has never been performed until now.Researchers Núria Marbà, Carlos Duarte and Susana Agustí at the Mediterranan Institute for Advanced Studies—a joint institute between the CSIC (Spanish Council for Scientific Research) and the University of the Balearic Islands in Esporles, Spain—have recently examined more than 1,000 reports of plant birth and mortality rates across a wide spectrum of species, discovering that the connection holds with extreme precision.The researchers found that both population mortality rates and population birth rates of all plant species scale as the –¼ power of plant mass. In other words, the smaller a plant, the higher its mortality and birth rates, meaning the shorter its lifespan. Hence, plant lifespan scales as almost exactly the ¼ power of plant mass. “The functioning of biological systems depends to a large extent on their metabolism, i.e., on how they process energy and materials, such as light, water, and nutrients,” Marbà explained to PhysOrg.com. “Small plants require fewer resources per unit of time than large ones, and, therefore, they are able to turn over the individuals of their populations faster than large plants. As plant size increases, more resources and time are needed to produce a fully grown individual, and thus their lifespan increases, resulting in small plants having shorter life spans than larger ones.”An interesting aspect of these relationships is that mortality and birth rates are nearly identical within a species, keeping the population extremely stable. Nature has additional reasons for this perfect balance, too, which include stabilizing carbon cycling, optimizing plant life histories, and stabilizing the ecosystems the plants inhabit. The scientists suggest that, to achieve this balance, plant mortality rates have evolved to match the birth rates.The group also investigated whether temperature entered the equation. According to the metabolic theory of ecology, metabolic rates (which determine lifespan) should be temperature-dependent. However, the researchers found that, unlike animals, plants’ mortality and birth rates are independent of temperature, or at least within the variation of their data. This finding contrasts with previous evidence that mortality rates of phytoplankton, macroalgae, and land plants increase with increasing temperature when the response of single species to temperature is examined. The researchers explain that resolving this issue could have a fundamental impact on predictions of global warming. center_img Live fast and die young, or play the long game? Scientists map 121 animal life cycles Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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ITBP jawan opens fire in Mussoorie IAS Academy kills officer

first_imgAn ITBP jawan on Friday went on a shooting spree killing his officer and injuring another personnel inside the prestigious IAS academy here, a day after he was punished by the senior. The misery for the force did not stop here as the accused constable, Chandra Shekar, ran away with an assault rifle and 70 rounds of bullets from Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration.The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) force guards the premier institute located on this hill station in Uttarakhand. The story of the gory incident is said to have begun on Thursday when sub- inspector Surendra sentenced Shekar for a day’s punishment over disciplinary issue. Apparently peeved over the decision of his superior, the constable opened fire with an LMG killing Surendra and injuring constable Mohammed Alam at around 6 pm. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIITBP Director General Krishna Chaudhary  said that he has ordered a court of inquiry into the incident and directed for the “immediate” replacement of the unit from the task. Officials said the incident was reported around evening when it is suspected that an altercation broke out between the two men and subsequently Shekhar grabbed an LMG and pumped at least three bullets into the SI and also shot at few others standing nearby.They said the firing of the bullets led to some panic inside the Academy, however, senior officials soon announced that the situation was under control. Senior ITBP commanders of the force and those from local police and administration rushed from state capital Dehradun to the Academy. Officials said a search has been launched to nab the accused who joined the force in 2012.last_img read more

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Ornaments of Kali idols stolen in Birbhum villagers protest

first_imgSuri (WB): The ornaments of two Kali idols of a temple were stolen at Chinpai village of Birbhum district triggering furore among locals who blocked road, the police said. The idols were decorated with gold and silver ornaments on the occasion of Kali puja Tuesday. Those were found missing by the priest this morning, they said. Angry over the theft, hundreds of villagers, including women, sat on the busy national highway. Initially, police tried to disperse the villagers, but failed. Once the officer-in-charge of the local police station reached the spot, he was chased by them. After about two hours, Additional Superintendent of Police Subimal Pal arrived and the blockade was lifted. Superintendent of Police Kunal Agarwal said that the situation was under control. Senior police officers were camping in the spot.last_img read more

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